Your skin continues to change: old skin cells die, and fresh, younger ones move to the surface of the skin. When a person ages, skin growth and cell renewal slow down, which often results in saggy and coarse skin. If you want your skin to stay smooth and soft, you have to find other ways to remove dead skin. Otherwise, such skin will build up, causing your complexion to look dull.
UK Skin experts from Elemis explain that there are different types of skincare products that can help your skin look youthful. The most powerful of these are exfoliants. Exfoliants are divided into three types, depending on the process. Exfoliation unclogs pores, improves the texture of the skin and removes dead skin to reveal newer and smoother skin. The following are three exfoliants and the techniques you could use
Physical exfoliation is the oldest technique of them all. Exfoliators rely on tiny granules with the bristle-like feature of a brush. These granules scrub dead cells away. This technique could affect people with sensitive skin.
You should consult with your dermatologist if you have acne-prone skin. Use the exfoliators first on your arms and legs, since the skin there is much thicker than facial skin. Apply a moisturizing oil before using any physical exfoliant. Some products come infused with moisturizing and hydrating agents – pick these over the rest. They tend to leave a calm feeling after application.
Alpha-hydroxy acids are common chemical exfoliators. Sometimes they work alongside BHAs and PHAs. Either way, the chemicals combine with skin lipids and dissolve them, breaking the dead cells away. AHAs are commonly used in facial chemical peels and are excellent for all types of skin. They tend to work like fruit acids, breaking down the chemicals that hold dead cells together. Be sure to pick lightweight serums as they will be gentle and practical for use every day. If you have a night treatment regime, be sure to wash your face gently afterwards.
Enzyme-based exfoliants are an excellent pick for a person who wants a mild option. They work with sensitive skin without causing flares. Most enzymes are derived from fruits but work like chemicals. They break down the glue that holds dead cells together, but they do it at a slower pace. Consequently, they are safe and gentle.
Most enzymatic exfoliants use papaya enzymes. Other combinations introduce things like a rice powder to help in buffing. Skin that is prone to acne is better served using products that are anti-microbial, moisturizing, clarifying and anti-inflammatory.
Going for long periods without exfoliating can cause the skin to look dull and old. In addition to the dead skin cells, whenever you put on sunscreen, concealer, primers or foundation, you layer them on the skin cells. After a while, your skin starts to look permanently dull and tired.
It is good practice to exfoliate regularly. It could boost the production of collagen, diminish wrinkles, brighten skin tone, lighten pigmentation, reduce scarring and stimulate microcirculation. Exfoliation should form part of your beauty routine if you want to look youthful and vibrant.